The Lord’s Omnipresence – Examples from Ubhaya Vedanta

In the fifth mantra of Isavasyopanisad that begins with तदेजति तदु नैजति तददूरे तद्वन्तिके (tadejati tadu naijati), emperumAn’s vibhutvam (Omnipresence) is explained in detail.

In essence, this fifth mantra explains emperumAn’s special powers in addition to extolling His all-pervasiveness among other attributes.

We can demonstrate quite a lot of similarities from Ubhaya Vedanta in support of the above quoted mantra:

यच्च किञ्चित् जगत्यस्मिन दृश्यते श्रूयतेऽपि वा |
अन्तर बहिश्च तत्सर्वं व्याप्य नारायण: स्थित: ||
(Taittariya Upanisad – Narayanavalli)

EmperumAn pervades all the things we see and hear in this world from inside (antarvyApti) and from the outside (bahirvyApthi).

अणोरणीयान महतो महीयान
(Katha Upanisad 1-2-20)

EmperumAn is smaller than the minutest atom and bigger than the biggest thing in the world.

विष्टभ्याहमिदं कृत्स्नं एकांशेन स्थितो जगत
(Bhagavad Gita 10-42)

He pervades the whole world by one of His amsam and

इहैकस्थं जगत कृत्स्नं पश्याद्य सचरासरं |
मम देहे गुडाकेश यच् चान्यद् द्रष्टुम् इच्छसि ||
(Bhagavad Gita 11-7)

all the movable, immovable objects and all the objects we wish to see reside in a corner of His body.

यस्यायुतायुतांशांषे विश्वशक्त्रियं स्थिता |
परब्रह्मस्वरूपस्य प्रणमामस्तमव्ययम ||
(Vishnu Puranam 1-9-53)

We pray unto Him, of whose body this world comprises, one millionth of a part.

Dravida Veda too is replete with references to vibhutvam of emperumAn.

மாயா வாமனனே (mAyA vAmananE, TVM 7-8) and நல்குரவும் செல்வும் (nalguravum selvum, TVM 6-3) explain the fifth mantra of Isavasyopanisad in great detail.

The Thiruvaimozhi pasuram பரந்த தண்பரவையுள் (parandha thaNparavaiyuL, TVM 1-1-10) describes antar vyApthi and bahir vyApthi of emperumAn in great detail. Refer to Nampillai’s commentary for more insights.

Other references include:ஆக்கையுள்ளும் ஆவியுள்ளும் (AkkaiyuLLum AviyuLLum, TVM 4-7-6) and இவற்றுலெங்கும் மறைந்துறைவாய் (ivaRRulengum maRaindhuRaivAi, TVM 6-9-5)

Reference: Isavasyopanisad Vyakhyanam by Puthur Krishnaswami Iyengar

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